Because toddlers and children are exposed to various germs and many other children, infectious diseases spread rapidly in children who are attending preschool or school. Infectious diseases affect all children and are the number one reason for school absences. Preventing diseases today is much easier than in the past due to better hygiene practices and medical advances. Vaccinations in children can prevent many infectious diseases and are the most effective in reducing life-threatening diseases. However, there are still common infections that can be difficult to diagnose and treat if contracted by a baby or child.

Even though they are entirely avoidable and treated, common infectious diseases can be dangerous for children. Pneumonia, diarrhoea, and malaria are particularly dangerous for young children. Teaching your child about hygiene and keeping them at home while unwell are the most significant ways to safeguard them against infectious diseases. It is also imperative to recognise early symptoms so that treatment can begin timeously.


During your child's general health consultation with Dr Koekemoer, he will advise you on existing immunisations to prevent infectious diseases common in children such as Influenza, Measles, Mumps, Rubella, Hepatitis A and B, Polio, Chickenpox, Shingles and Meningococcal Disease. Your paediatrician is also aware of the infections and other common respiratory infections common in babies and children, including the common cold, ear infections, bronchiolitis, croup, tonsillitis, Herpes virus, Epstein-Barr virus and hand-foot-and-mouth disease. Vaccines offer the most effective protection against serious illness and disease. Before you can join or attend an approved early childhood service, several day-care centres ask you to show proof that your child's immunisation status is up to date.

Furthermore, Dr Koekemoer is experienced in treating secondary infections and conditions common in children affected with HIV and tuberculosis (TB).



1Can my child live a normal life with HIV?

With proper care, HIV-infected children now have a high chance of living long and healthy lives.

2What symptoms should I watch out for?

Recognising symptoms is important when it comes to treating infectious diseases. Symptoms to look out for include:

  • Flu-like symptoms
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Fever
  • Coughing
  • Diarrhoea
3How do infectious diseases spread in children?

Infectious diseases can be transmitted in several ways. Many infectious diseases are transmitted from person to person through coughing, sneezing and touching surfaces where germs have settled.

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